Vision of the Sagarmala Programme is to reduce logistics cost and time for the movement of EXIM and domestic cargo. Development of port-proximate industrial capacities near the coast, in future, is a step in this direction. In this regard, the concepts of Coastal Economic Zones (CEZs), Coastal Economic Units (CEUs), Port-Linked Industrial & Maritime Clusters and Smart Industrial Port Cities have been introduced.
- Coastal Economic Zones (CEZs): CEZs could be spatial economic regions comprising of a group of coastal districts or districts with a strong linkage to the ports in that region. CEZs are also envisaged to tap synergies with the planned industrial corridor projects.
- Coastal Economic Units (CEUs): CEUs will be specific industrial estate projects with a demarcated boundary similar to the DMIC nodes. The CEUs will house the industrial clusters / projects proposed within the CEZ.
Each CEZ will consist of multiple CEUs and more than one industrial cluster can be housed within a CEU. Within each industrial cluster there can be several manufacturing units. To accelerate the CEU development process, it is proposed that CEUs be prioritized in locations where land parcels are available in areas close to a deep draught port and with strong potential for manufacturing.
For promoting port-led industrialization, 14 Coastal Economic Zones (CEZs) covering all the Maritime States and Union Territories have been proposed. CEZ perspective plans have been prepared and Detailed Master Plans will be prepared for 4 pilot CEZs (in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh) in the first phase of development.
An Inter-Ministerial Committee (IMC) was constituted under the aegis of NITI Aayog for development of CEZs in India. As recommended by IMC, the institutional framework for development of CEZs would be similar to the institutional framework adopted by DMICDC for development of industrial corridors and industrial nodes.
The development of CEZs will be taken up in phases wherein the first phase of development would focus on developing two large CEZs as pilots.
Coastal Economic Zones Planned under Sagarmala:
|S.No.||CEZ||State||Districts Covered||Linkage Ports|
|1||Kachch||Gujarat||Kachchh||Deen Dayal, Mundra|
|2||Saurashtra||Gujarat||Junagarh, Amreli, Bhavnagar, Ahmedabad||Pipavav, Sikka|
|3||Suryapur||Gujarat||Bharuch, Surat, Navsari, Valsad||Dahej, Hazira|
|4||North Konkan||Maharashtra||Nashik, Thane, Mumbai, Pune, Raigarh||JNPT, Mumbai|
|5||South Konkan||Maharashtra, Goa||Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg, North Goa, South Goa||Dighi, Jaigarh, Mormugao|
|6||Dakshin Kanara||Karnataka||Udupi, Dakshin Kannada, Kodagu, Mysore||New Mangalore|
|7||Malabar||Kerala||Ernakulam, Alappuzha Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram||Cochin|
|8||Mannar||Tamil Nadu||Kanyakumari, Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi||VOCPT (Tuticorin)|
|9||Poompuhar||Tamil Nadu||Cuddalore, Perambalur, Ariyalur, Tiruchirappallu, Thanjavur, Thiruvarur, Nagapattinam||Cuddalore|
|10||VCIC South||Tamil Nadu||Thiruvallur, Chennai, Kancheepuram||Chennai, Kamarajar, Katupalli|
|11||VCIC Central||Andhra Pradesh||Chittoor, Nellore||Krishnapatnam|
|12||VCIC North||Andhra Pradesh||Guntur, Krishna, West Godavari, East Godavari, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, Srikakulam||Vizag, Kakinada|
|13||Kalinga||Odisha||Puri, Jagatsinghapur, Cuttack, Kendrapara, Jajapur, Bhadrak||Paradip, Dhamara|
|14||Gaud||West Bengal||Purba Medinipur, South twenty Parganas||Kolkata, Haldia|
Vision of the Sagarmala Programme is to reduce logistics cost and time for the movement of EXIM and domestic cargo and development of port-proximate future industrial capacities near the coast is a step in this direction. In this regard, 35 potential port-linked industrial clusters across three sectors, namely – Energy, Materials and Discrete Manufacturing, have been identified. These include 12 bulk clusters for basic input industries such as Power, Refineries & Petrochemicals, Steel and Cement and 23 discrete manufacturing clusters, in the labour intensive sectors of Electronics, Apparel, Leather Products, Furniture and Food-Processing etc. The master plans for the proposed Maritime Clusters in Gujarat and Tamil Nadu have been prepared.
Industrial & Maritime Clusters Planned under Sagarmala
|Type of Cluster||Total||Potential Location|
|Bulk||Petrochemical||4||18,080||Ennore (Tamil Nadu), Gujarat, Kakinada (AP)|
|Power||4||108,897||Krishnapatanam (AP), Ennore (Tamil Nadu), Maharashtra, Tuticorin (Tamil Nadu)|
|Steel||2||154,000||Ennore (Tamil Nadu), Southern Maharashtra|
|Cement||2||49,000||Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh|
|Discrete Manufacturing||Apparel||3||9,963||Saurashtra (Gujarat), Central Andhra Pradesh and Vidarbha (Maharashtra)|
|Leather & Footwear||3||5,640||Bihar, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal|
|Food Processing||3||387||Satara (Maharashtra), Kakinada (AP), Andhra Pradesh|
|Furniture||2||4,516||Kutch (Gujarat), Bihar|
|Electronics||11||50,005||North Maharashtra, Velum Teluka (Goa), Tamil Nadu, AP, Gujarat, Parganas, West Bengal, Bhubneshwar (Odisha), Ernakulam (Kerala), Tunda (Gujarat), Chittor (AP), Tirupati (AP)|
Further, development of a SEZ at JNPT (cost: Rs. 476 Cr) and Smart Industrial Port City (SIPC) at Paradip (cost: Rs. 2,770 Cr) is in progress. SIPC at Kandla (cost: Rs. 1,147 Cr) and Coastal Employment Units (CEUs) at VoCPT and KPL are also under development.