Port-led Industrialization

Port-led Industrialization

Vision of the Sagarmala Programme is to reduce logistics cost and time for the movement of EXIM and domestic cargo. Development of port-proximate industrial capacities near the coast, in future, is a step in this direction. In this regard, the concepts of Coastal Economic Zones (CEZs), Coastal Economic Units (CEUs) and Port-Linked Industrial Clusters have been introduced.

  • Coastal Economic Zones (CEZs): CEZs could be spatial economic regions comprising of a group of coastal districts or districts with a strong linkage to the ports in that region. CEZs are also envisaged to tap synergies with the planned industrial corridor projects.
  • Coastal Economic Units (CEUs): CEUs will be specific industrial estate projects with a demarcated boundary similar to the DMIC nodes. The CEUs will house the industrial clusters / projects proposed within the CEZ.

Each CEZ will consist of multiple CEUs and more than one industrial cluster can be housed within a CEU. Within each industrial cluster there can be several manufacturing units. To accelerate the CEU development process, it is proposed that CEUs be prioritized in locations where land parcels are available in areas close to a deep draught port and with strong potential for manufacturing.

As part of the National Perspective Plan, 14 CEZs have been proposed across all Maritime States & Union Territories and their perspective plans have been prepared. The Master Plans for these CEZs will be developed in a phased manner.

Table 3: CEZs proposed under Sagarmala Programme
S.No. CEZ State Districts Covered Linkage Ports
1 Kachch Gujarat Kachchh Deen Dayal, Mundra
2 Saurashtra Gujarat Junagarh, Amreli, Bhavnagar, Ahmedabad Pipavav, Sikka
3 Suryapur Gujarat Bharuch, Surat, Navsari, Valsad Dahej, Hazira
4 North Konkan Maharashtra Nashik, Thane, Mumbai, Pune, Raigarh JNPT, Mumbai
5 South Konkan Maharashtra, Goa Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg, North Goa, South Goa Dighi, Jaigarh, Mormugao
6 Dakshin Kanara Karnataka Udupi, Dakshin Kannada, Kodagu, Mysore New Mangalore
7 Malabar Kerala Ernakulam, Alappuzha Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram Cochin
8 Mannar Tamil Nadu Kanyakumari, Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi VOCPT
9 Poompuhar Tamil Nadu Cuddalore, Perambalur, Ariyalur, Tiruchirappallu, Thanjavur, Thiruvarur, Nagapattinam Cuddalore
10 VCIC South Tamil Nadu Thiruvallur, Chennai, Kancheepuram Chennai, Kamarajar, Katupalli
11 VCIC Central Andhra Pradesh Chittoor, Nellore Krishnapatnam
12 VCIC North Andhra Pradesh Guntur, Krishna, West Godavari, East Godavari, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, Srikakulam Vizag, Kakinada
13 Kalinga Odisha Puri, Jagatsinghapur, Cuttack, Kendrapara, Jajapur, Bhadrak Paradip, Dhamara
14 Gaud West Bengal Purba Medinipur, South twenty Parganas Kolkata, Haldia

29 potential port-linked industrial clusters have also been identified across Energy, Materials, Discrete Manufacturing and Maritime sectors. The details of the same are placed in the table below. In addition, SEZ at JNPT, Free Trade Warehousing Zone at Ennore, Smart Port Industrial Cities at Deen Dayal and Paradip are also under development.

Table 4: Industrial Clusters Proposed under Sagarmala
Type of Coastal Industrial Cluster Potential Locations # of Projects
Refining & Petrochemical Cluster Refining cum Petrochemical; Maharastra, Tamil Nadu 2
Petrochemical: Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh 4
  Petrochemical: Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh 4
Power Cluster Northern Maharashtra, Central Andhra Pradesh, Central Tamil Nadu 3
Steel Cluster Southern Maharashtra/Goa, Tamil Nadu 2
Maritime Cluster Gujarat, Tamil Nadu 2
Cement Cluster Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh 2
Discrete Manufacturing Cluster Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Kerala, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Bihar, Assam 14
Total 29

These initiatives will create employment opportunity of approximately 1 Cr job which includes 40 lakh direct jobs by 2025.