Overview of Sagarmala Programme

The Sagarmala Programme, a flagship initiative of the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways, represents a visionary approach by the Government of India to transform the country's maritime sector. With India's extensive coastline, navigable waterways, and strategic maritime trade routes, Sagarmala aims to unlock the untapped potential of these resources for port-led development and coastal community upliftment.

Approved by the Union Cabinet in March 2015, Sagarmala seeks to enhance the performance of the logistics sector by reducing logistics costs for both domestic and international trade. By leveraging coastal and waterway transportation, the program aims to minimize the need for extensive infrastructure investments, thus making logistics more efficient and improving the competitiveness of Indian exports.

Through comprehensive studies and strategic planning, Sagarmala identifies key opportunities to optimize logistics, improve port efficiency, and promote coastal community development. By doing so, Sagarmala not only strengthens the maritime economy but also contributes to the overall economic growth and competitiveness of India on the global stage.

Sagarmala's vision can have a potentially transformative impact on India's logistics competitiveness and the wider economy. It has four main aspects associated with it, as given below:


Sagarmala Programme intends to enhance and modernize infrastructure for more efficient and effective transportation of goods, utilizing improved logistics and practices. It is built on the foundation of integrated planning, connectivity enhancement, and sustainable development, with a focus on creating synergy among its five pillars.

Overall set of projects are divided into 5 pillars and 24 categories as below:

The Five Pillars of Sagarmala